Ten Essential Principles of Srimad Bhagavad-Gita
Srila Bhaktivinode Thakura
1) Pramana: Criteria for evaluation and comprehension.
vedyam pavitram omkara rik sama yajur eva ca
Lord Krishna is the goal of all knowledge, the purifying, transcendental sound vibration Om, and the Rig Veda, Sama Veda and Yajur Veda.
tasmac chastram pramanam te karyakarya-vyavasthitau
jnatva sastra-vidhanoktam karma kartum iharhasi
Therefore the injunctions of the Vedic scriptures are the sole authority in ascertaining what is to be done and what is not to be done. Thus knowing the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures as prescribed one should perform actions in this world in accordance to them as a matter of duty.
a. Prameya: Principles of the proof.
raja-vidya raja-guhyam pavitram idam uttamam
pratyaksavagamam dharmyam susukham kartum avyayam
This knowledge is the king of all wisdom, the king of all that is confidential, the topmost in righteousness, purifying, able to be perceived by direct realisation, very joyous to perform and everlasting.
evam parampara-praptum imam rajarsayo viduh
This supreme science is received through disciplic succession and the
saintly kings understood it in this way.
b. Sambandha: Eternal relationship with the Supreme Lord Krishna.
aksaram paramam brahma svabhavo'dhyatmam ucyate
The Supreme indestructible reality is the ultimate truth and its eternal nature is the soul.
aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate
iti matva bhajante mam budha bhava-samanvitah
Lord Krishna is the original generating cause of all causes, everything emanates from Him; realising this the spiritually intelligent endowed with devotional sentiments become devoted to Him.
2) Krishna-tattva: Truth about the Supreme Lord Krishna.
mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya
mayi sarvam idam protam sutre mani-gana iva
There is nothing equal to or greater than Lord Krishna. Everything rests in Him and nothing can exist independently. Just as a cluster of pearls are strung on a thread.
3) Krishna-sakti: The Potencies of the Supreme Lord Krishna.
bhumir apo nalo vayuh kham mano buddhir eva ca
ahankara itiyam me bhinna prakrtir astadha
Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, spiritual intelligence and false ego, these eight fold divisions comprise Lord Krishna's external energy.
apareyam itas tv anyam prakritim viddhi me param
jiva-bhutam maha-baho yayedam dharyate jagat
The external energy is inferior but superior to this is Lord Krishna's marginal energy comprising the conscious embodied souls of all living entities by which the material creation is utilised.
etad yonini bhutani sarvanity upadharaya
aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas tatha
Understand that all living beings, moving or stationary in existence in all of creation are manifested by these two energies of Lord Krishna, who is the creator and the terminator of all the worlds.
4) Krishna-rasa: Divine sentiments for the Supreme Lord Krishna.
avyaktam vyakam apannam manyate mam abuddhayah
param bhavam ajananto mam avyayam anuttamam
Unable to comprehend Lord Krishna's supreme, imperishable and exalted state of being; the spiritually deficient regard Him as being of the material nature coming into existence from the unmanifest.
avajananti mam mudha manusim tanum asritam
param bhavam ajananto mama bhuta-mahesvaram
Fools blaspheme Lord Krishna when he descends in His divine form, unable to realise His paramount position as the Supreme Lord of all beings and all creation.
5) Jiva-tattva: Truth about all living entities.
mamaivamso jiva-loke jiva-bhutah sanatanah
All embodied living entities in the material creation are Lord Krishna's eternal, separate, infinitesimal parts.
6) Baddha-tattva: Truth about conditioned living entities.
sariram yad avapnoti yac capy utkramatisvarah
grhitvaitani samyati vayur gandhan ivasayat
Whatever new body the eternal infinitesimal portion enters into, it carries the subtle body with it from whatever old body it departed, just as air carries fragrance from a flower.
na mam duskritino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah
mayaya pahrta-jnana asuram bhavam asritah
The foolish, the depraved, the deluded and the demoniac, whose discrimination is degraded by the illusory energy; do not surrender unto the Supreme Lord Krishna.
7) Mukta-jiva tattva: Truth about liberated living entities.
mam upetya punar janma duhkhalayam asasvatam
napnuvanti mahatmatmanah samsiddhim paramam gatah
The great souls having achieved ultimate perfection take refuge in Lord Krishna never again to enter the miserable cycle of birth and death.
daivi hy esa gunamayi mama maya duratyaya
mam eva ye prapadyante mayam etam taranti te
This divine illusion of Lord Krishna, consisting of the three modes of the external material energy is very difficult to overcome; but those who surrender unto Lord Krishna, only they are able to surmount this illusory energy known as maya.
8) Maya-Illusion, Jivas-Livings Entities, Isvara-Supreme Lord Krishna.
maya tatam idam sarvam jagad avyakta-murtina
mat-sthani sarva bhutani na caham tesu avasthitah
All of creation is pervaded by Lord Krishna in an imperceptibly subtle manner and all that is conceivable is situated within Him; but He is not situated within it and He is completely independent of it.
na ca mat-sthani bhutani pasya me yogam aisvaram
bhuta-bhrn na ca bhuta-stho mamatma bhuta-bhavanah
Behold Lord Krishna's extraordinary, unparalleled, unfathomable majestic opulence. His omniscient self is the maintainer of all living entities in creation and the preserver of all these living entities; but He is uninfluenced by them being transcendental to material nature.
9) Abhidheya-tattva: Devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna.
mahatmanas tu mam partha daivim prakritam asritah
bhajanty ananya-manaso jnatvabhutadim avyayam
The great souls having taken refuge of the divine nature, render loving, devotional service unto Lord Krishna with unalloyed minds, knowing Him to be the imperishable origin of all creation.
satatam kirtayanto mam yatantas ca drdha-vratah
namasyantas ca mam bhaktya nitya-yukta apasate
Always eulogising the Supreme Lord Krishna's glories with joy and humility, resolute with unfailing determination; beings who desire an eternal relationship with Lord Krishna worship Him in loving devotion.
10) Prayojana-tattva: The Ultimate Attainment
ananyas cintayanto mam ye janah paryupasate
tesam nityabhiyuktanam yoga-ksemam vahamy aham
Those who desire Lord Krishna's eternal association precluding all else meditate upon Him exclusively in loving devotion and He insures communion with Him supplying what they lack and preserving what they have.
samo'ham sarva-bhutesu na me dvesyo' sti na priyah
ya bhajanti tu mam bhaktya mayi te tesu capy aham
Lord Krishna is equally disposed to all living entities, there is neither friend or foe for Him; but those who with loving sentiments render loving, devotional service unto Him, as they are attached by affection for Him, in that same way He is attached by affection for them.
Brahma Madhva Gaudiya Vaisnava Sampradaya