|Chapter 1||Lamenting the Consequence of War||Verse 16, 17, 18|
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusana's.
The use of the word raja meaning king illustrates Yudhisthira receiving that title from the Rasasuya ceremony he successfully performed by receiving tribute from all other kings and crowning him so. Thus the superiority of the Pandavas is illustrated along with the inferiority of the Kauravas. By addressing Dhritarastra as prthivi-pate, Sanjaya is implying that the destruction of his dynasty by his own evil instigations and unrighteousness is eminent.
Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:
The purport is that the conchshell Pancajanya of Lord Krishna and the conch shells Devadatta, Paundram, Anantavijaya, Sughosa and Manipuspaka of the five Panadvas are renowned and famous; but in the army of Duryodhana there are no famous conch shells with any names. The point is whoever has aligned themselves with the Supreme Lord Krishna as their protector, undoubtedly without question will always be victorious. Then the warriors of the Pandava army began to sound their conch shells. Sikhandi is the son of Drupada who was born out of penance especially to slay Bhishma. Dristradyumna was born from a fire sacrifice especially to slay Drona. Satyaki was invincible like Arjuna never knowing defeat. So this verse is indirectly revealing to Dhritarastra that he should not entertain any ideas that his son Duryodhana will be victorious in the battle even with the assistance of Bhishma and Drona.