Chapter 1Lamenting the Consequence of WarVerse 25


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

The Supreme Lord Krishna placed that most excellent of chariots in front of the Kaurava commanders Bhishma and Drona saying: See the assembled Kurus.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusana's.

Placing the chariot in front of Bhishma and Drona between the two opposing armies Lord Krishna said: O Partha observe all these Kauravas and see those who are favoring them. The use of the word Partha emphasizes that as Arjuna is the son of Kunti who is the sister of Vasudev who assumed the role of being Lord Krishna's father; then He will as family engage Himself by accepting the position of Arjuna's chariot driver. The use of the word Hrsikesa signifies that Arjuna will lose his desire to fight so what is the purpose of viewing the enemy army on the battlefield and within Lord Krishna's words an innuendo of taunting was hidden.


Chapter 1, verse 26

Madhvacarya has no commentary so we present Baladeva Vidyabhusana's.

Thus having been addressed by Lord Krishna in this way, Arjuna viewed the enemy soldiers among paternal uncles like Bhurisrava, and godfathers like Bhishma and Somadatta, and acaryas like Drona and Kripa, and maternal uncles like Salya, Sakuni and others, and brothers like Duryodhana, and sons like Laksmana the son of Duryodhana, etc, and grandsons like the sons of Laksmana, etc. friends like Asvattama and well wishers like Kritavarma, Bhagadatta and others and also the soldiers fighting on his own side. In this way Lord Krishna placed that most magnificent of chariots between the two armies in such a way as to give a view of both the armies on the battlefield.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

After attentively surveying the army of the Kauravas arranged in battle formation, Arjuna the son of Pandu on whose flag bears the image of Hanuman, who set the kingdom of Lanka ablaze, requested Lord Krishna to place their chariot between the two opposing armies. Requested whom? Arjuna requested no lesser peronality than the Supreme Lord Himself, the treasurehouse of such attributes as wisdom, strength, sovereignity, eternality, omnipotence and splendour. Whom by His will created the complete cosmic manifestation in its triple aspect of inception, preservation and dissolution for His own pleasure as in sport.

The Supreme Lord Krishna, Hrsikesa, the master of the senses. The Supreme Controller, internally and externally of all living entities evolving and evolved. Who although the Supreme Lord of all, yet descended down to Earth out of His causeless mercy for the redemption of the faithful and even more, He condescended to be Arjuna's chariot driver, carrying out his wish to station their chariot in such a commanding position as to be able to readily view the belligerent Kauravas and put within the range of his vision such heroes as Bhishmadeva, Dronacarya and Kripa and the Kings of royal dynasties. At that time the Supreme Lord Krishna said to Arjuna: see what chances there are for the Kauravas victory over thee.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Lord Krishna requested by the ever alert Arjuna stationed that finest of chariots between the two opposing armies in front of Bhisma, Drona and all the kings and said: Behold all these members of the Kuru dynasty assembled here.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 1, verse 25 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 25

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