|Chapter 15||Realization of the Ultimate Truth||Verse 10|
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:
One may wonder do not all humans recognise the atma or immortal soul within as distinct and different from the physical body? Lord Krishna is addressing such a query here. The bewilderd and deluded do not recognise the atma residing within the etheric heart of their own physical body is experiencing prakriti, the material substratum pervading physical existence through the gunas, the three modes of material nature by utilising the senses. Hence they are incapable of perceiving the atma departing from the physical body and likewise cannot perceive that the atma exists equally in all jivas as well. But Lord Krishna confirms that those realised in spiritual intelligence can perceive the atma.
Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:
How one does not perceive and how one is able to perceive is examined by Lord Krishna.
Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:
The word vimudha used by Lord Krishna means the ignorant, the fools, those who misconceive the outer, corporeal body to be the atma or immortal soul and who do not perceive that the atma is conjoined with matter, bound to limited conditions of space and time in various forms of existence as jivas or embodied beings exist. Such bewildered jivas never can detemine how the atma enters or how it departs with an embodied being. Neither can it ascertain how although abiding within it is distinctly different from the jiva nor understand how the atma is experiencing that which the jiva enjoys. Yet those who are jnana-caksusah or endowed with spiritual wisdom and enlightened realisation can perceive the atma existing in its essential nature within their own etheric heart and within the etheric heart of every jiva.
Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Those who are ignorant and unevolved are not able to discriminate between the atma or immortal soul and the physical body. Hence lacking the spiritual intelligence they are completely oblivious of the reality that the atma is distinctly different from the body and the senses even though it is experiencing the senses when dwelling within the body, or when transmigrating from the body or when entering a new body as human, demigod or animal due to the influence of the gunas or three modes of material nature and the resultant tribulation of karma or reactions to actions. But those with spiritual intelligence, possessing the eye of wisdom acquired through devotion and knowledge of the Vedic scriptures as taught by the Vaisnava spiritual preceptor will naturally realise both the eternal atma and the transcendental Supreme Lord in reality as having no material qualities in any respect.