Chapter 16The Divine and the Demoniac Natures DefinedVerse 16


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

Continuing Lord Krishna explains that perplexed and deluded by the innumerable desires waiting to be fulfilled in their minds which they are determined to realize; the demoniac become ensnared and entangled caught in the net of illusion even as fish are ensnared and caught by a fisherman's net in water. Inescapably caught in the net of illusion the demoniac pursue their nefarious activities in the never ending attempt to satisfy their addiction to sense gratification and when their span of life has come to an end they are forced to enter the lowest regions of hell to suffer immeasurably.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:

There is no commentary for this verse.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

The demoniac completely controlled by maya the imperceptible bewilderment of illusion delude themselves by thinking that they are capable of accomplishing anything merely by their own brains and might. The demoniac think they are independent and not dependent upon any Supreme Being even if it does at all exist. In this way they are full of anxiety which tempestuously buffets them about by foolish, greedy thoughts such as this is mine, that to will soon be mine, I want this, I want that, this I shall do and that I will also do, etc., etc. In this way by their very own minds they are caught in the web of illusion and pursuing their lust for sense gratification they are totally bereft of sound judgement, discrimination and moral conduct. Lord Krishna confirms that beyond material nature, unseen and unperceived, death is waiting very patiently for the allotted time to snatch them away from all they covet and force them to suffer their karma or reactions to their unrighteous sinful actions in the darkest of hells.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

The demoniac infatuated by illusion and bewildered by ignorance foolishly base all their hopes and dreams upon the material existence which is transitory, temporary and impermanent. Consequently they are deluded by their incessant desires, grand ambitions and grandiose schemes of what they shall do, what they shall accomplish, what they shall acquire and what they shall enjoy all propelled by the desire of power and wealth which they think will give them longevity. But in reality devoid of the grace of the Supreme Lord Krishna who is the ultimate controller of all; the demoniac no matter how powerful they may be or how much they appear to be controlling are completely enmeshed in the web of illusion like fish trapped in a net which although appearing to be swimming freely are factually caught when the net is tightened. The demoniac incorrigibly addicted to lust, greed and insatiable propensities for sense gratification. The demoniac possess diabolical dispositions and depraved degraded habits and activities that doom them to descend and suffer proportionately for their sinful activities in one of the 28 hellish planets which are vile and detestable such as Rauvara confirmed in the Bhagavat Purana known as Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 5, chapter 26, verse 11: They are forced in their subtle bodies after death to be tormented and attacked incessantly by rurus which are creatures more cruel and vicious than a snake. Also confirmed in Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 5, chapter 26, verse 22 is another hellish planet where the demoniac are forced to enter in their subtle body is a hellish world known as Vaitarani that is a river full of mucus, puss, faeces, urine and phlegm surrounding the entire planet and is full of predatory fish of horrible visage who bite and attack ferociously.

In all there are 28 principle categories of hellish planetary systems in which some lanets are more then 800,000 miles in circumference and there are hundreds and thousands of such planets. Srimad Bhagavatam: Canto 5, chapter 26, verse 37 confirms: There are hundreds and thousands of hellish planets. These hellish planets are all operating continuously without cessation under the administration of Yamaraj the demigod in charge of death in order to chastise and punish the demoniac and impious without compunction in accordance to the precise degree of their sinfulness.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 16, verse 16 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 16

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