|Chapter 1||Lamenting the Consequence of War||Verse 26|
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:
What happened after that? To answer this the verse states: There he saw fathers, uncles, sons and grandsons; that is to say the sons and grandsons of Duryodhana and others as well as associates, friends, and well wishers who had rendered some favour in the past.
Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Arjuna saw so many of his friends and associates opposing him in battle. It should be understood that those mentioned as fathers are ones who were from the same generation as his father such as Bhurisrava and those grandfathers are similarly from the same generation as his grandfather such as Bhishma. The teachers referred to are like Drona and Kripa, maternal uncles are like Salya, brothers are like Bhima and Duryodhana, sons are like the age of his own son Abhimanyu, grandsons are like Laksmana and friends are like Asvatthama as well as others.