Chapter 6The Science of Self RealizationVerse 31


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

Such a mature being as mentioned in the previous verse is even more advanced when developed in unalloyed devotion to Lord Krishna for they have transcended the need to adhere to scriptural injunctions to develop unalloyed devotion because they have already achieved this realisation. Such a person is a yogi or one perfected in the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness and is always situated in oneness with the Supreme Lord and as such has reached perfection.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

One should respect all living entities by honouring the Supreme Lord residing within each and every being as confirmed by Lord Krishna in this verse. The words ekatvam asthtitah means singularly existing and the Supreme Lord exists in all places as the One Lord. So it should always be acknowledged that In all respects and situations in the present and in the future the individual should perform all activities for the Supreme Lord. Such spiritual intelligence always leads to spiritual enlightenment. If one by chance omits or due to circumstances fails to perform obligatory activities as prescribed in the Vedic scriptures one may have to suffer a reaction if it was important. This has already been explained previously but for the sake of clarification it is stated that the steps of those who worship and adore Lord Krishna will never deviate from the path of righteousness. If unknowingly an offence is incurred from not following some injunction of the Vedic scriptures or an ordinance is not performed correctly then by the strength of one's sadhana or spiritual practices all reactions will be dissolved away. Historically many ancient kings, rishis and even demi-gods have committed great offences but due to the strength of their sadhana the reactions received were minimally experienced until they dissolved.

Now begins the summation.

Everywhere the omnipresent Supreme Lord Krishna can be perceived to be residing.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

A yogi or one perfecting the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness, who is more advanced in dhyana o meditation is being described here by Lord Krishna. The words ekatvam asthithah means established in singular unity. This means eschewing the conception of differences arising from the appearance of material conditions and designations. It also infers the expansion of consciousness during meditation to realise the reality of Lord Krishna's omnipresence everywhere in everything. The word sarvatha means in all circumstances. This means whether consciously performing prescribed Vedic activities or immersed in mediatation, Whatever condition one happens to be situated in the yogi who is far advanced perceiving paramatma or the Supreme Soul in himself as well as all beings is always perceiving and relishing the presence of the Supreme Lord and worshipping Him at all times. The words mayi varttate meaning exists within Lord Krishna. This means by dint of always meditating solely on Him, one experiences their own atma or soul as well as the atma or soul of all beings and perceives that all atma's are of the same eternal essence as the Supreme Lord's.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Lord Krishna declares even higher states for the established yogi or one perfecting the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness. The yogi who perceives the Supreme Lord existing in all beings as well as his very self is certainly advanced but here Lord Krishna is stating that the one who worships Him as paramatma the indwelling supreme soul within all living entities is even more superior. In the Vishnu Purana it states: O Lord it is Your nature only which indicates Your Supreme power of encompassing all living beings in creation and because You are omni-present, You are infinite and upon reaching you the liberated beings also assume these qualities. The yogi although engaged in all forms of activities like eating, teaching, traveling, meditating still achieves similar nature to the Supreme Lord due to inseparable communion with Him at all times in all situations.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 6, verse 31 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 31

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