Chapter 7Knowledge of the Ultimate TruthVerse 10


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

Lord Krishna reveals that He is bijam mam sarva bhutanam or the original seed of all existence. This means that He manifest the original seed for all beings that posesses the potency for all species which are moving or stationary to produce effects in the same species uninterruptedly for all successive issues of procreation indefintely and not subject to any modification or decay nor is it ever destroyed with each individual being.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

The pure fragrance is thus to show the pleasure of Lord Krishna as the origin of the wonderful scent of the Earth. The Vedic scriptures declare that merits alone rise to the Supreme Lord and that demerits lacking in purity never even reach the demi-gods. In the worlds of the meritorious and virtuous the creations law of eternal righteousness is enjoyed. The law of creation known as rita represents universal order, truth and righteousness as well as perennial principles from time immemorial which are auspicious activities for the benefit of all living entities. Due to such statements eternal righteous is known as an attribute of consciousness and truth is a condition of the mind which one actually lives. There is no contradiction in statements from the Vedic scriptures stating even while not enjoying the Supreme Lord is still illuminating or even though devoid of food He is still all regarding the Supreme Lord. These perceptions are extremely subtle and difficult to fathom. Even though the Supreme Lord does not enjoy material food like the jiva or embodied being He is more powerful then the atma or soul endowed with a physical body. In this verse the jiva is not mentioned because of reference earlier to the atma being endowed with a body as in a dream state. The Garuda Purana states: There are three different forms for the body one in sleeping, one in dreaming and one while awake.

By the word asmi the Supreme Lord alone is referred too. Bodies are assumed by all the jivas as well as the Supreme Lord. The jiva's body is material and thus in bondage being subjected to the cycle of birth and death. The Supreme Lord's body is purely spiritual, eternally liberated and never in bondage. This statement is found in the Narada Purana and thus a definitive distinction between the Supreme Lord and the jivas is clarified in the Vedic scriptures. By such crystal clear statements a person of reason and understanding should see the difference between all embodied beings and the Supreme Lord and not harbour any conceptions concerning the external form of existence of a jiva. The Gita Kalpa has stated: The pleasures and enjoyments of the Supreme Lord are distinctly different and transcendental to those of the jiva. The Supreme Lord is a transcendental enjoyer, He is only enjoying the spiritual and never enjoying anything material.

Now begins the summation.

The Supreme Lord abides in the Earth as its fragrant essence which can only be meritorious; yet He awards all merits and demerits. Abiding in fire He is its brilliant energy, abiding in humans He is the atma the bequeather of life itself, abiding in the spiritually intelligent He is wisdom, abiding in the splendid He is exalted splendour and by the act of manifestation He is the eternal seed of all existence.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Lord Krishna is revealing His glory as the bijam or permanent seed and original cause of life in all creation, woven through all movable and immovable created beings and that this original seed continues manifesting infinitely through all generations of the same species. He is the tejas or valour of the valiant which allows them to be victorious over all others. He is the spiritual intelligence in the form of spiritual discriminative power in the absence of which a human being is known as an animal. It is stated in the Sanatsujata that: Humans without spiritual intelligence are equal to beasts.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 7, verse 10 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 10

Copyright © Bhagavad-Gita Trust 1998-2015