Chapter 9Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate TruthVerse 3


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

So the question may arise that if the implementation of this supreme wisdom is so easy to practice then why isn't everyone performing it and freeing themselves from transmigration in samsara or the perpetual cycle of birth and death. Lord Krishna is answering this question in this verse. Persons who are lacking in faith in Lord Krishna do not accept this eternal wisdom in spite of the fact that there is no knowledge superior to this wisdom in any medium from any source. So it is assured that such persons are trapped in samsara. Others may have attempted to increase their faith by other methods and means; but without bhakti or pure loving devotion for Lord Krishna such persons are automatically recycled back into another body again and again in the worlds of mortals and subject to pursuit by death who captures all beings.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

Lord Krishna uses the word dharmasya meaning acts of eternal righteousness and is the sacred means to acquire upasana or communion with the Supreme Lord. Its virtue is that it has the Supreme Lord as its only goal and is very joyful and exhilarating to perform. It achieves for the aspirant who faithfully engages in it continuously the highest result as it bequeaths direct realization of the Supreme Lord. The word asraddadhanah means those devoid of faith. Whoever having the golden opportunity after thousands upon thousands of lifetimes to worship the Supreme Lord but are found lacking in determination and attention as well as fervent longing due to insufficient faith, fail to reach Lord Krishna and instead are forced to be propelled into the lethal current of samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death which is very terrible. Oh how dangerous and perilous is human existence!

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

The point may be brought up that if this divine and sacred spiritual knowledge is so excellent and so easy to perform and is the best means of attaining the highest good; then why isn't everyone following this path and enthusiastically liberating themselves from the entrapment of samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death? Lord Krishna uses the word asraddadhanah meaning absence of faith. People lacking in faith due to having a mentality tainted by incessant performance of innumerable sinful activities are averted to this divine spiritual knowledge magnanimously bequeathed by Lord Krishna. Unable to receive such divine wisdom and the inability to comprehend bhakti or pure loving devotion such persons feel inferior subconsciously and so although they strive for liberation by diverse concocted and speculative methods they have no success because of lack of faith and aversion to Lord Krishna. Lacking in devotion and full of selfish motives and insatiable desires such persons revolve from one birth to another again and again and again perpetually.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 9, verse 3 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 3

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