Chapter 9Confidential Knowledge of the Ultimate TruthVerse 27


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

When one performs yagna or rituals of propitiation and worship as offerings to the Supreme Lord one must collect many special ingredients such as sandalwood and ghee which is clarified butter from a cow. These items are not always easily available so Lord Krishna accepting even some water and a leaf from His devotees is already merciful compassion. But now He is declaring that His devotees who always adhere to the regulations and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures should offer everything they do, all actions including their thoughts should be performed with the heartfelt intention that they are a humble offering to the Supreme Lord.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Since the Supreme Lord Krishna loves His devotees and is prepared to accept what they offer to Him. Let such devotees offer to Him the first of whatever is propitious, righteous and pure.

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

Whatever mundane requirements according to varnasrama or class and position in society one may be engaged in out of necessity to maintain one's life. Whatever vegetarian food one may be eating and whatever non-alcoholic beverages one may be drinking. Whatever daily and occasional Vedically enjoined duties one may be fulfilling such as juhosi or offerings in rituals, dadasi is giving in charity, tapasyasi is austerities or vows all should be offered internally to the Supreme Lord. Everything that is intended, dedicated and delivered unto the Supreme Lord is known as arpanam an offering to Him. One should perform all activities in such a sublime way as the performer of the action, the enjoyer of the action are actually part of the worship offered unto the Supreme Lord. The exact understanding is that in all actions constituting rituals of demigods and lesser gods there are limitations in scope and power. The individual performs such ritual and is the enjoyer of its rewards; but both the performer and the demigods as well as lesser gods are all part and parcel of the Supreme Lord Krishna and are sustained and maintained by Him alone. As He is the sole support of everything in creation they are all dependent upon Him for all their impulses and for their complete existence.

The Supreme Lord Krishna is the absolute controller , the independent indwelling monitor, the performer of the worship, the enjoyer of the worship and the object of worship. He is all the hosts of demigods and all lesser gods. He is the sum total of all acts constituting worship in accordance to the Vedic scriptures and He is the recipient of them as well. One should fashion the intention of their mode of meditation on the Supreme Lord Krishna or any of His Vedically authorized incarnations or expansions in the mood of bhakti or loving devotional communion with the absolute understanding that He is the source of everything, He comprises everything, and everything emanates from Him as His part and parcel.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

How wonderful and marvellous is the Supreme Lord Krishna's relationship with His devotee. That He the Supreme independent autocrat of all existence, the absolute controller of all creation will accept and enjoy the most simple things like a leaf or flower and He accepts it wholeheartedly. Now it should be made clear what is this rare quality possessed by His devotees that gives them the privilege of becoming His devotee. In answer to this Lord Krishna emphasises with the words yat, yad and yaj meaning whatever and whichever. In other words all that one does in accordance with the regulations and injunctions of the Vedic scriptures whether they are natural or prescribed, whatever is eaten, whatever is prayed for, whatever is performed as a daily obligatory rite or an occasional special ritual, everything should done as an offering to the Supreme Lord. The conclusion is the rare qualification to become a devotee to Lord Krishna is that they completely surrender themselves totally to Him including all sense of doership. Dedicating their lives to Him as the means and the goal the ultimate attainment they are resolute in the understanding that He is the absolute controller of every action that manifests in all of creation and the sole rewarder of all karma or reactions to actions in this life, the next life and all future lives. So with this clear comprehension fully understood they devote themselves to bhakti or exclusive loving devotion dedicating everything to Him.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 9, verse 27 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 27

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