Chapter 10The Infinite Glories of the Ultimate TruthVerse 35


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

Lord Krishna has already revealed in verse 22 that of the four Vedas, His vibhuti ot divine, transcendental opulence is the Sama Veda. Now here in this verse He reveals that of all the hymns of all the Vedas, His vibhuti is the Brhad Sama. This hymn is chanted at the conclusion of auspicious Vedic ceremonies and praises Lord Krishna's when He assumed the post of Indra the ruler of the demigods during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu. Of chandasam or mantras composed in poetical meter Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the Gayatri mantra which is the best as by its efficacy it confers Brahmin status on the qualified initiate. It is also sung at the time of picking the Soma plant by the demigods. Of months His vibhuti is Margasirsa when the grains are harvested and of seasons His vibhuti is the spring season.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

Lord Krishna reveals that among the hymns in His vibhuti or His divine, transcendental opulence the Sama Veda, His foremost vibhuti is the Brihat- sama which is a special prayer that is indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe and glorifies the post of Indra the ruler of all the demigods during the time when the Supreme Lord Himself assumes that position as He did in the case of His manavatara incarnation of Dharmasetu. The word marga-sirsah refers to harvesting month of grains which is His vibhuti and the word rtunam means season and the word kusumakarah means flowery which means His vibhuti is the springtime.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Previously in verse 22 Lord Krishna revealed that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence from the Vedas is the Sama Veda. Now He specifies that His vibhuti within the Sama Veda is the hymn known as Brhat-Sama indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe meaning O'Indra we invoke you. This hymn is a very wonderfully sublime auspicious hymn with a very beautiful melody glorifying the Supreme Lord when He assumed the position of Indra during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu. Of mantras composed in long and short meters His vibhuti is the Gayatri mantras which Vedic initiates attain Brahmin status and who then by chanting in the three regulated periods of the day being before sunrise, midday and after sunset perform the three sacred sacrifices which are the lifetime duty of every Brahmin. It is also chanted while the Soma ritual is being performed by the demigods.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 10, verse 35 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 35

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