Chapter 11The Vision of the Universal FormVerse 40


Sanskrit Vocal





Commentaries of the Four Authorized Vaisnava Sampradayas

as confirmed in the Garga Samhita Canto 10, Chapter 61, Verses 23, 24, 25, 26
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Sridhara Swami's Commentary

By the way of establishing Lord Krishna as the embodiment of all and all pervasive with ananta-virya or unlimited potency, Arjuna gives Him obeisance from sarvatah or all directions as Lord Krishna pervades everything both inside and out exactly like gold pervades all the objects it incorporats such as bracelets and necklaces etc. In this way Lord Krishna is the embodiment of all creation as it comes from Him alone.

Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Madhvacarya's Commentary

Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Ramanuja's Commentary

Lord Krishna is being addressed thusly: O' infinite energy, the embodiment of everything, thy glory is beyond measure. As paramatma or the Supreme soul He enters and resides in all beings. Thus He is the atma or eternal soul within all the unlimited multitudes of intelligent and non-intelligent living entities. All atmas are of the same eternal quality and essence and all together constitute the divine, transcendental body of the Supreme Lord Krishna. Thus Lord Krishna is the root source from which everything is manifested and all things are a part of Him and all names are a name of Him. It is clearly apparent that the immanent nature and omnipresent characteristics of the Supreme Lord Krishna are the basis for the descriptions of His glory given in the previous three verses such as He is asat the cause and sat the effect as well as tatam visvam ananta-rupa of unlimited forms pervading all creation and references to His being all the demigods like Brahma, Yama, Vayuh etc. Thus does Lord Krishna interpenetrate all existence.

Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:


Kesava Kasmiri's Commentary

Beholding the resplendent Supreme Lord Krishna in all His glory before him, Arjuna out of extreme expressions of devotion salutes the Supreme Lord with praises such as ananta-virya or unlimited personality and amita-vikramah or immeasurably powerful and humbly offers Him obeisance from all directions. He also states that Lord Krishna pervades the total creation because it is an extension of Him therefore He is everything in existence. Due to His attributes of omnicsience and omnipresence it is clearly established that Lord Krishna Himself is paramatma or the Supreme eternal soul pervading all creation and all living entities for the collective total of every atma or eternal soul of all living entities constitutes His divine, transcendental spiritual body and which also contains what appears to be inanimate as well. This proves that the material creation is not just an illusory mirage that is not factual adhered to by the mayavadis or the pseudo- impersonalists who do not believe that the Supreme Lord has unlimited qualities, phenomenal attributes and wonderfully, sublime personality.

Thus ends commentaries of chapter 11, verse 40 of the Srimad Bhagavad-Gita.

Verse 40

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