|Chapter 14||The Three Qualities of Material Nature||Verse 21|
Rudra Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Excited from hearing Lord Krishna reveal that by transcending the three gunas or modes of material nature one attains immortality; many questions arose in the mind of Arjuna. With a view to more comprehensively understand the characteristics and conduct of such a great being and also to learn the direct means they used to achieve immortality he humbly requests Lord Krishna to reveal it. By what characteristics means what distinguishes such a one and by what symptoms can such a one be perceived? By what conduct is meant how does such a one live and how does such a one behave? Then in conclusion he asks by what means is such phenomenal feat possible.
Brahma Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Sri Vaisnava Sampradaya:
The word lingais means symptoms. By what symptoms can a liberated being be perceived? What distinguishes them from others? The word acarah means conduct. By what means does such a liberated being conduct themselves? How does one transcend the three gunas or modes of material nature. These questions will be answered by Lord Krishna next.
Kumara Vaisnava Sampradaya:
Having heard Lord Krishna declare that those who transcend the three gunas or modes of material nature attain immortality amazes Arjuna and he is exhilarated to know about the characteristics and conduct of such great beings as well as by what means they were able to achieve this. Specifically he asks Lord Krishna to reveal by what symptoms can such a one be recognised? What is their behavior and by what method they were able to attain this.